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1600s: Our Early Origins

1600s
The John Harvard statue

1607: John Harvard, the College’s future namesake and first benefactor, was baptized at St. Saviour’s Church (now Southwark Cathedral), London.

1635: John Harvard received his M.A. from Cambridge University, England.

1636: First College in American colonies founded. The “Great and General Court of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England” approves £400 for the establishment of “a schoale or colledge” later to be called “Harvard.”

1637: The Great and General Court orders the “colledge” established one year earlier to be located at Newetowne (renamed “Cambrige” in 1638).

1637 (or early 1638)
An old map of cambridge

“College Yard” purchased

The Overseers purchased the College’s first piece of real estate: a house and an acre of land from Goodman Peyntree. Located on the southern edge of “Cow-yard Row” and soon distinguished as the “College Yard,” this tract became the nucleus of present-day Harvard Yard and remains at the southern end of the Old Yard (the area west of Thayer, University, and Weld halls).

Stephanie Mitchell/Harvard Staff Photographer

1600s (continued)

1638: John Harvard wills his library (400 books) and half his estate to the College.

1639: In recognition of John Harvard’s bequest, the Great and General Court orders “that the colledge agreed upon formerly to bee built at Cambridg shalbee called Harvard Colledge.”

1640: 亨利·邓斯特牧师被任命为AG娱乐第一任校长.

1642: First Harvard Commencement with nine graduates.

1649: The Town of Cambridge and President Henry Dunster give Harvard the “College Farm” at Billerica, Mass.在1775年农场出售之前,学院每年都要支付租金.

1650
the Harvard Charter

Harvard granted Charter

Drafted by Henry Dunster, the Charter of 1650 called for the Harvard Corporation to consist of seven individuals: the President, five Fellows, and a Treasurer. The Charter named the Corporation as the “President and Fellowes of Harvard College” and transferred to them, in “perpetual succession,” the duties of managing the College.

The first changes to the Corporation’s structure since 1650 were implemented in 2010. These include an expansion of the number of Fellows, the establishment of terms of service for Fellows, and the creation of standing committees.

Stephanie Mitchell/Harvard Staff Photographer

1600s (continued)

1653: John Sassamon, a Massachusett Indian, became the first known Native American to study at Harvard (probably for a term or so). A disciple of Indian Bible translator John Eliot, Sassamon later became a scribe and interpreter to Wampanoag Chief Metacom (a.k.a. Metacomet, Pometacom, King Philip). In 1675, Sassamon was murdered as an English informant, touching off King Philip’s War, 新英格兰最具破坏性的土著和新移民之间的冲突.

1692: 英克里斯·马瑟授予AG娱乐第一个神学博士学位.

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1700s: Harvard and the American Revolution

1755
A statue of John Adams in Annenberg Hall

John Adams graduates

John Adams, future U.S. president, graduates. Before 1773, the graduates of Harvard were arranged in a hierarchy not of merit but “according to the dignity of birth, or to the rank of [their] parents.” By this rather undemocratic standard, Adams graduated 14th in a class of 24.

Kris Snibbe/Harvard Staff Photographer

1700s (continued)

1764: Original Harvard Hall burns, destroying some 5,000 volumes and all but one of John Harvard’s books.

1775: 大陆士兵驻扎在AG娱乐的大楼里.

1776: 8名AG娱乐校友签署了独立宣言.

1780: The Massachusetts Constitution went into effect and officially recognized Harvard as a university. The first medical instruction given to Harvard students in 1781 and the founding of the Medical School in 1782 made it a university in fact as well as name.

1781: Phi Beta Kappa历史最悠久的一个分支是在AG娱乐成立的.

1782: Twenty-nine-year-old John Warren was appointed Professor of Anatomy and Surgery at the Medical School. 前一年,他是波士顿陆军医院的院长, 他给AG娱乐学生们上了第一堂正式的医学课. 本杰明·沃特豪斯被任命为医学院的第二名教授, in the “Theory and Practice of Physic.”

1783: With high ceremony, Harvard Medical School officially opened as the “Medical Institution of Harvard University.” Its first home was the ever-versatile Holden Chapel.

1787: John Quincy Adams, future U.S. president, graduates.

1791: A writer in the Boston press accused Harvard of poisoning students’ minds with Edward Gibbon’s monumental “History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire” (1776-88). 约瑟夫·威拉德总统回答说,根本没有考虑到吉本, 该学院引用了法国历史学家Abbé Millot的一篇文章. Nathaniel Ames, who left Harvard around 1812, recalled Millot’s as “the most utterly worthless and contemptible work of that kind or any other extant.”

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1800s: A Century of Growth

1800s

1810: John Thornton Kirkland begins 18-year presidency.

1815: University Hall is completed.

1816: The Divinity School is established.

1817: Harvard Law School is established.

1829: Josiah Quincy begins his 16-year presidency.

1832: Dane Hall, the Law School’s first new building, was formally dedicated in Harvard Yard and served for more than half a century thereafter.

1836: Harvard Bicentennial.

1836: Henry Wadsworth Longfellow appointed professor.

1837: 拉尔夫·沃尔多·爱默生的《AG娱乐APP》演讲.

1839
A sketch of the moon

Harvard Observatory is founded

图:AG娱乐天文台的一组底片.

Stephanie Mitchell/Harvard Staff Photographer

1800s (continued)

1845: Rutherford B. Hayes, future U.S. president, graduates from the Law School.

1846: John Collins Warren, Medical School professor, 首次公开展示乙醚作为手术麻醉剂.

1849: Dr. George Parkman disappeared at the Medical School in one of the most famous murder cases in Harvard history. Earlier, Parkman had lent money to colleague Dr. John White Webster. To secure the loan, 韦伯斯特用帕克曼的个人财产作抵押, including a valuable collection of minerals. When Parkman learned that Webster had backed another loan with the same collection, 他开始不屈不挠地向韦伯斯特讨债. A week after the disappearance, a suspicious janitor broke through a brick vault below Webster’s lab and found human body parts, 当局很快就在实验室里发现了. Found guilty of first-degree murder, Webster belatedly confessed and appealed for clemency, but was hanged on Aug. 30, 1850. 帕克曼的遗孀发起了一项基金活动,以支持韦伯斯特的妻子和孩子.

1852: Harvard wins first intercollegiate sports event, a boat race against Yale on Lake Winnipesaukee.

1839
A drawing of Henry David Thoreau with a beard

Henry David Thoreau ’37 publishes Walden

Pictured: Daniel Ricketson’s portrait of Henry David Thoreau featured in a Houghton Library exhibition.

Stephanie Mitchell/Harvard Staff Photographer

1800s (continued)

1855: Holworthy Hall gets first gas lights in the Yard.

1862: The Overseers confirmed the Rev. 托马斯·希尔,1843届毕业生,当选AG娱乐第20任校长. His brief tenure brought higher admissions standards, a series of public “University Lectures” (est. 1863) by distinguished Harvard and non-Harvard scholars that paved the way for the “Graduate School of Arts and Sciences” and University Extension, and progress toward a system of elective courses. 希尔还在全国范围内寻找新的教职员工.

1865: Election of Overseers placed in the hands of alumni, severing legal ties with the Commonwealth.

1867: AG娱乐牙科学院的第一个任命是丹尼尔·哈伍德, professor of dental pathology and therapeutics; and Nathan Cooley Keep, professor of mechanical dentistry.

1869: At the meetinghouse of First Church, Unitarian, Charles William Eliot was formally installed as Harvard’s 21st President. From the outset, Eliot’s 105-minute address delineated his broad educational purposes: “The endless controversies whether language, philosophy, mathematics, or science supplies the best mental training, whether general education should be chiefly literary or chiefly scientific, have no practical lesson for us to-day. This University recognizes no real antagonism between literature and science, 不接受数学或古典文学这类狭隘的选择, science or metaphysics. We would have them all, and at their best.”

1870: The Rev. Phillips Brooks laid the cornerstone of Memorial Hall.

1872: Graduate School of Arts and Sciences is founded.

1872: Arnold Arboretum is established.

1873: Charles Sprague Sargent officially began a 54-year term as first director of the Arnold Arboretum. Sargent soon enlisted the aid of pioneering landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted – then busy designing the Boston park system – to help him lay out the grounds. “Olmsted immediately grasped the idea that an arboretum where the public could see varied plantations of rare and exotic trees and shrubs skilfully [sic] selected, artistically arranged, and grown under scientific oversight, would not only be an appropriate feature in the park system [now known as Boston’s “Emerald Necklace”] but might well become its culminating attraction,” Benjamin Lincoln Robinson, the Asa Gray Professor of Systematic Botany, wrote in the late 1920s. 尽管如此,罗宾逊指出,事实证明,植物园的销售很艰难. “Neither the City [of Boston] nor the Harvard Corporation welcomed the idea. The press was indifferent, and the public apathetic. Nine years of persistent effort were required before it was possible to draft a plan of procedure acceptable both to the City and to the University and to secure its approval by the General Court of Massachusetts.”

1874: Department of Fine Arts is established.

1875
一张写着AG娱乐和耶鲁的足球海报

The Harvard-Yale football game

New Haven, Conn., hosted the first Harvard-Yale football game, which Harvard won, 这让来自剑桥的约150名学生感到高兴.

1800s (continued)

1879: The Harvard Annex, later known as Radcliffe College, opens with 27 female students.

1880: Theodore Roosevelt makes Phi Beta Kappa.

1886: 250th anniversary celebrated with more than 2,500名校友和朋友和格罗弗·克利夫兰总统一起出席.

1890: 这片土地是亨利·李·希金森少校于55年授予的, honoring alumni who died in the Civil War.

1894: Radcliffe College is incorporated.

1896: Fogg Art Museum opens.

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1900s: A Century of Progress

1900s
A plaque that says that FDR lived in the room

1901: 第一个课程提供景观建筑和城市规划.

1903: Franklin D. Roosevelt elected president of the Harvard Crimson.

1903: Country’s first concrete football stadium is built.

1904: FDR graduates.

1908: With 59 students, the Graduate School of Business Administration formally opened as a Graduate Department of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences. 通过与已建立的部门的初步连接, President Eliot and Dean Edwin Francis Gay hoped to get the newcomer off to a well-supported start. Other U.S. 大学早在1886年就开始提供商业培训, 但是绝大多数的学生都是本科生. In seeking to establish business as a profession, Harvard Business School became the country’s first business program limited to college graduates. By the end of the first academic year, the School had 80 students from 14 colleges and 12 states.

1909: Abbott Lawrence Lowell begins his 24-year presidency.

1910: President Lowell establishes Commission on Extension Courses, now the Harvard Extension School.

1910: Theodore Roosevelt, Class of 1880, 曾任AG娱乐校友会第34任主席. 1840).

1913: School of Public Health is established.

1913: Harvard University Press is established.

1914: Professor Theodore William Richards wins Nobel Prize in Chemistry for determination of atomic weights; he is the first of 50 Harvard Nobel laureates.

1914: Henry Cabot Lodge, Class of 1871, 担任AG娱乐校友会第38任主席. 1840).

1915
Widener Library

Widener Library opens

Pictured: Widener Library 105 years later.

Stephanie Mitchell/Harvard Staff Photographer

1900s (continued)

1920: 学院图书馆藏书约112.75万册.

1920: The Business School issued Marketing Problems, its first case book, 由营销学教授Melvin Thomas Copeland开发.

1920: Graduate School of Education is established.

1924: The Harvard-Boston (Egyptian) Expedition began excavation of the royal cemetery of King Cheops (Khufu) near the Great Pyramid and soon identified the tombs of Prince Kawa’ab (Cheops’s eldest son), four other princes, Princess Meresankh II, and two pyramid priests.

1926: 塞缪尔·艾略特·莫里森被任命为三百周年官方历史学家.

1928: First “iron lung” is devised by two doctors, Philip Drinker and Louis Agassiz Shaw, Jr., at the School of Public Health.

1930: The House Plan is established with the opening of Dunster House and Lowell House.

1933: James Bryant Conant begins his 20-year presidency.

1936: 与富兰克林·D·罗斯福总统一起庆祝AG娱乐三百周年校庆. Roosevelt in attendance.

1936: Graduate School of Design is established.

1936: 公共管理研究生院成立.

1939
447123882-2048×1647

Walter Gropius becomes head of architecture at Graduate School of Design

Pictured: Portrait of Bauhaus founder Walter Gropius with Joan Miro mural at Harvard’s Graduate Center.

© President and Fellows of Harvard College

1900s (continued)

1940: John F. Kennedy graduates.

1943: Two hundred Army Quartermaster officers arrived at the Business School for a three-month intensive course in business methods. They formed a new unit of lieutenants and captains known as the Army Supply Officers’ Training School, a counterpart to the Navy Supply Corps School.

1943: The Harvard Alumni Bulletin tally of Harvard men in active military service equaled “the mythical 10,000 men of Harvard.78名AG娱乐人在执行任务时被杀, 20 were missing in action, and another 20 were prisoners of war.

1944
科学中心展出的那台巨大的旧电脑

IBM Mark I computer begins operation at Harvard

Jon Chase/Harvard Staff Photographer

1900s (continued)

1945: Publication of President Conant’s “General Education in a Free Society”; its recommendation will have wide influence.

1945: At the Kaiser Shipyard in Richmond, Calif., the 10,800-ton SS Harvard Victory was launched as the first of a new series of U.S. Maritime Commission ships named after U.S. educational institutions. The Harvard Corporation later voted to give the ship a library of about 140 volumes selected by the American Merchant Marine Library Association. A simple plaque acknowledged the University’s gift.

1947: General George C. Marshall receives honorary degree: announces “Marshall Plan” at commencement.

1953: Nathan M. Pusey begins his 18-year presidency.

1955
Helen Keller holding her dog

海伦·凯勒是第一位获得AG娱乐荣誉学位的女性

1900s (continued)

1956: 普西宣布主要的基金推动,AG娱乐计划.

1956: Memorial Hall tower burns down.

1959: Fidel Castro is guest of Law School Forum.

1960: Mary I. 本汀成立了拉德克利夫独立研究学院.

1960: Loeb Drama Center opens.

1963: 由勒·柯布西耶设计的木工视觉艺术中心开幕.

1968: 肯尼迪政府学院开始其公共政策项目.

1969: Harvard Community Health plan begins serving patients.

1969: Students strike and take over University Hall.

1970: Helen H. 吉尔伯特当选了监事会的第一位女性成员.

1971: Derek C. Bok begins his 20-year presidency.

1975: George W. Bush, future U.S. president, graduates from Business School.

1975: 对男女大学生实行平等招生政策.

1978: Core curriculum adopted.

1979: 博克校长宣布了3.5亿美元的AG娱乐运动, the largest capital campaign in Harvard’s history.

1980: American Repertory Theater comes to Harvard.

1982: Harvard Museum of the Ancient Near East, 最初命名为闪米特博物馆,关闭了40年, is reopened.

1983: Democratic presidential candidates debate nuclear arms control at the Kennedy School.

1984: Fogg, Busch-Reisinger, and Sackler Museums combine to become the Harvard Art Museums.

1986
一份庆祝350周年校庆的AG娱乐公报

Harvard celebrates its 350th anniversary

1900s (continued)

1991: Barack Obama, future U.S. president, graduates from the Law School.

1991: Neil Rudenstine is appointed president of Harvard.

1992: Harvard Kennedy School Forum hosts Mikhail Gorbachev.

1994: Harvard Business Publishing is founded.

1995: AG娱乐医学院研制出新的霍乱疫苗.

1997: Mary Fasano became the oldest person ever to earn a Harvard degree when she graduated from the Extension School at the age of 89.

1998
Nelson Mandela waving to the crowd at commencement

纳尔逊·曼德拉在特别大会上被授予荣誉学位

Kris Snibbe/Harvard Staff Photographer

1900s (continued)

1999:  Radcliffe College merges with Harvard College.

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2000s:
Rapid Evolution and Breakthrough Discovery

2000s

2001: Lawrence Summers is appointed president.

2001: On the eve of the 350th Commencement, Harvard’s four living Presidents—past, present, and future—gather for a group portrait in Loeb House.

2002: Former Astronomy Prof. Riccardo Giacconi shares half the Nobel Prize in Physics for pioneering work in astrophysics that led to the discovery of cosmic X-ray sources.

2004: Harvard Financial Aid Initiative is launched.

2007: 工程与应用科学学院成立.

2007
Drew Faust at her inaguration

德鲁·吉尔平·福斯特开始担任AG娱乐第28任校长

She is the first woman to hold the position.

Rose Lincoln/Harvard Staff Photographer

2000s (continued)

2009: Unified University-wide calendar is launched.

2010: The Harvard Corporation expands from 7 to 13 members.

2010: Harvard University will welcome ROTC back to campus now that Congress has repealed a ban on gays and lesbians serving openly in the military.

2011: Harvard University awards degree to Native American student who died in 1665 just before Commencement.

2011
大提琴演奏家马友友庆祝AG娱乐375周年诞辰

Harvard celebrates its 375th anniversary

Pictured: Cellist Yo-Yo Ma celebrating the 375th birthday of Harvard University.

Rose Lincoln/Harvard Staff Photographer

2000s (continued)

2012: MIT and Harvard announce edX.

2012: Harvard announces plans to renew the University’s 12 undergraduate houses.

2012: AG娱乐发布第一份全校范围的可持续发展影响报告.

2013: President Drew Faust launches a $6.50亿美元的AG娱乐运动,是高等教育史上规模最大的运动.

2013: Financial aid increases by $10M, bringing the total to a record $182 million.

2014: 肯尼斯·格里芬89年向AG娱乐捐赠了1.5亿美元, 主要是支持AG娱乐的经济援助计划.

2014: A $350 million gift comes from The Morningside Foundation, established by the family of the late T.H. Chan. 这份礼物将AG娱乐公共卫生学院改名为AG娱乐T.H. Chan School of Public Health.

2015: John A. Paulson, M.B.A. ’80 made the largest gift in the University’s history, a $400 million endowment to support the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS). The School is renamed the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences.

2018: Lawrence S. Bacow is appointed president of Harvard.

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